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August 08, 2022

Science > Damask Rose

Damask Rose

Common Name

Damask Rose

cientific Name

Rosa × damascena Mill.


According to available evidence, Damask rose has a long history, and although the 30-million-year fossils of it have been found in America, it is originated in the Middle East and Iran. At the beginning of the 17th century, Iranian Damask rose was carried to India, North Africa, Turkey and Bulgaria and its planting expanded. Iran is one of the most ancient producers of Damask rose. Background of Damask rose production in Iran, dates back to 2500 years ago.   It is believed that distillation of the flowers was first done in Iran in the late 7th century AD. The method for distillation the flowers was spread to Ottoman Empire later in 14th century. Until the 16th century, Iran was the main producer of rose oil and was exporting it to other countries around the world. Muslim Arabs transferred the art of oil extraction from Iran to Europe in 10th century. The first European country which used this art was Spain.

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