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September 24, 2023

Science > Saffron


Common Name


Scientific Name

Crocus sativus


About 2300 BCE, saffron was cultivated and used in parts of the Eastern Mediterranean. This plant was first developed in areas with specific climatic conditions and then spread throughout the Eurasia region and eventually reached parts of North Africa, North America, and Oceania. Saffron was cultivated in Isfahan during the Achaemenid Kingdom in the 5th century BC and at the Funeral was used. The use of this plant as perfume and medicine was also common in this age. The English word of saffron is derived from the Latin word of ‘safranum’ in the 12th century and the ancient French word of ‘safran’. Meanwhile, the Latin word of ‘safranum’ is derived from Persian word of ‘Zarparan’ or Arabic word of ‘Zaferan’ which means yellow.

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